I have a 13-month working cocker, Falcor, who, at 9 months, started chasing pheasant in the rural countryside where we live, ignoring our whistle. Just after Easter, he ran off for a good 20-30 minutes and was picked up by a farm manager in his truck, far away from where we were. I've just read all of Pippa Mattinson's excellent book 'Total Recall' and one week ago, started her Training Recall programme (part 2 of book). We are on Exercise 2 (Whistle Means Dinner or Wow), using a new whistle recall, and all going well so far. We have also started using a long training lead all day in house and garden, as suggested in 'Using a Training Lead' chapter, and Falcor has got used to this. My question: At this early stage of the Training Programme (still inside house or garden, and nowhere near the section 'On Location' training, out in the open, which could be a couple of months away), I'm not clear on how our walks should be. This period, before we reach the 'On Location' recall training out in the open with the brand new whistle recall and premium treats etc, walks seem a bit of a grey area. Before reading Pippa's book, we used to let Falcor off the lead as soon as we were off the road, and he would run free for all the walk (self-rewarding non-stop, as Pippa's book has explained!). Now we have started to walk him on his lead throughout his walks - but is this how our walks should be until we reach the 'On Location' part of recall training (2+ months away)? I have noted the section 'Managed Exercise' in the chapter 'Beyond Training' (part 1 of the book). Should we start already now dividing Falcor's walk into 5-minute sections, as Pippa suggests: eg. 5 mins on lead, 5 mins free run, 5 mins retrieval game? And if so, as we haven't yet trained him to recall in this situation, should we have him on the training lead during the 'free run' and 'retrieval game' - and recall him by running away/calling his name (not using new whistle recall and not using treats)? Or should we just continue walking Falcor on the lead during all walks? Thank you for any advice you can give!