Back from the vet. She said there was a high possibility Snowie has a bladder infection given that we saw blood and the urine sample we caught (tiny sample we caught when we got to the vet) had some red and white blood cells in it, but also a high bacterial count which was her main concern. However, we did mention that the container we used had been in our storeroom. So I will take another bigger sample tomorrow morning in a clean container so that she retest it. (I watched a vet nurse on YouTube catch urine from a boy dog using a soup ladle!) She said that the best way to test for what bacteria is causing the infection is to take urine from a full bladder using a needle. That way they treat exactly as needed. She said there is a lot of resistant bacteria around so she was cautious about just handing over antibiotics. However, she was keen to put Snowie onto general antibiotics immediately because it takes one week for a culture from the bladder sample. Anyway, she will retest his urine tomorrow and then take a decision. So no antibiotics yet. She said that diluted urine is more susceptible to infections, and that because he's on Potassium Bromide (epilepsy) and prednisone (itching) that he was likely to be drinking more water than normal. Not that we notice, actually; he never drinks outside of meal times unless it's after a walk. She looked at his penis and while I thought it looked bruised on one side, she said it looked normal. She also took blood, said it is wise to do a full blood panel annually. Will call me tomorrow with results. Said it was fine that he's on 1/4 tablet prednisone every other day to manage itching, said it was a very low dose for such a big dog (125 mg) and that she was surprised it actually had any effect on managing his itching at such a low dose, and that it was great it did. She said it seems like we're trying everything including raw food and limiting his protein choices. Said fine not to treat for fleas and ticks unless we see a need (he is currently free of fleas and ticks) any given that he has had seizures after Bravecto. But did say that a single flea bite can cause a lot of itching. (When I got home I wondered how vets know this; has there been a controlled study that shows that a single flea bite can cause terrible itching?) Finally, we tested his chip... and nothing!!! Tried all over his body. So he got rechipped as well. Oh!!! And she was impressed with his weight: 34.4 kg. Said it is very difficult to manage a dog's weight when he's on epilepsy meds but we're doing well. He's in really good shape. She is a new vet to us; our regular vet sold her practice much to our dismay. But am happy to say the new one (graduated from Cambridge) is delightful.